Chapter Five: publications and legendry
Notable fanzines of the 1960s


(NOTE: SOME OF THESE MAY WIND UP IN REGIONAL FANDOMS CHAPTERS)

* YANDRO (ed. Robert and Juanita Couldon)

* MIRAGE
  - edited by Jack Chalker
  - featured fantasy-oriented material: everything from stories to
    bibloigraphical information
  - started (when?)
  - went into hibernation in early 1963, when contributions dried up

* LES SPINGE
  - first issue was September 1959
    > initially edited by Ken Cheslin and Peter Davies of the Stourbridge
      Science Fiction Circle (SADO)
  - edited in the 1960s by Dave Hale and Ken Cheslin
  - it and HYPHEN example of old-style of British fanzine
  - 100 page 13th issue (May 1964) collated in two volumes
    > contributors included Willis, John Berry, Michael Moorcock
  - 106-page 14th issue (January 1965) assembled using a power drill and metal
    binding straps
    > could only collate and mail a few issues each week
    > contributors included Michael Moorcock, John Berry, Charles Platt, and
      George O. Smith
    > relatively low reader response received caused editors to quit
  - Darroll Pardoe edited slimmed-down subsequent issues
    > never quite the same after that
    > however, it lasted through the decade of the 1970s, its final issue
      (#36) was in December 1979

* SPECULATION
  - edited by Peter Weston
    > entered fandom in 1963 as member of Birmingham Science Fiction Group
    > later in 1963, decided to publish fanzine, after seeing examples by Norm
      Metcalf and Jon White
      -- Metcalf published a sercon fanzine, so his fanzine was very sercon
    > apart from publishing, also reviewed fanzines in VECTOR
      -- column titled "Behind the Scenes"
         >> ran for 16 months, 5 installments, starting in 1966
      -- chose pseudonym derived from names of Scot fans Don Malcolm and 
           Edward Macklin: "Malcolm Edwards"
         >> fan with actual name of Malcolm Edwards appeared several years
            later and was surprised by number of fans who said they were happy
            to finally meet him
            --- both later became worldcon chairmen
  - began as ZENITH in October 1963
    > featured short-lived fanzine review column by Walt Willis
      -- "Fanorama" column continuation of a column willis did for a prozine
      -- only four appearances in ZENITH
         >> last appearance only discussed communications breakdown that was
            enveloping British fandom at the time
  - 10th issue, became ZENITH SPECULATION
  - assumed final name in 14th issue, in October 1966
  - was honored with multiple Hugo Award nominations during its existence
  - lasted into the early 1970s, when Weston finally ran out of steam; the
    last issue appeared in 1976
    > it was actually dated 1973, but languished in Weston's attic until it
      was eventually distributed with the 11th issue of (who's?) fanzine, MAYA
    > in later years, Weston embarked on different fan endeavour --
      manufacturing the metal rockets that were used in the Hugo Awards

* POINT OF VIEW
  - edited by Charles Platt
  - first issue in Nov. 1963
  - declared itself "...an attempt to bring adult SF by amateurs to as wide an
    audience as possible"
    > featured amateur fiction and poetry, book reviews, lists of new books
  - labelled as "New Wave" by Jim Linwood in fanzine review column in LES
    SPINGE
  - changed name to BEYOND with third issue (1964)
    > 3rd zine with that title in British fandom, to that point
  - later issues contrasted views of fandom between newcomers and established
    fans
    > 4th issue had "BSFA Survey", where Platt and readers listed gripes about
      the fan club
      -- new members expectations of BSFA were not delivered by the club
    > 6th issue carried a piece by Archie Mercer explaining the point of view
      of established fans and an opposing one by Beryl Henley with the
      complaints of the newcomers
      -- irony: Henley became Mrs. Mercer later in the decade
  - lasted for eight issues. the last being in April 1965

* SKYRACK
  - edited by Ron Bennett
    > (bio of Ron Bennett goes here)
    > his Skyrack Book Service begun to sell SF books (see below)
  - first appeared in April 1959
    > original purpose was to fill the gap left by the demise of the British
      newszine CONTACT two years earlier
    > also to balance Americentric slant of Carr & Ellik's FANAC
  - was premiere British fandom newszine during the 1960s
    > convention reports
    > fan club news
    > covered TAFF news extensively, including voting results
      -- also reported on the special Parker and Willis funds, and their
         subsequent trips
    > first fanzine to report British bid for 1965 worldcon
  - featured annual fan preference polls
    > winners announced in 1960 (issue #16, first annish) for 1959 were ATom
      for Best Fanartist, John Berry for Best Fanwriter, and APHORRETA for
      Best Fanzine
    > other poll winners in subsequent years included Ella Parker (for her
      fanzine ORION), Walt Willis, Ethel Lindsay, HYPHEN
    > won its own fan poll for Best Fanzine in 1963 and 1964
 - suspended publication near end of 1960s 
    > only one issue had appeared in 1967
      -- Bennett trying to establish business as book and magazine dealer
    > last issue of decade was May 1968
      -- first issue after Bennett had relocated to Singapore in Sept. 1967

* AMRA
  - edited by George Scithers
    > (brief bio of George here)
  - according to Scithers, "AMRA is about various heroic heroes, mostly of
    swordplay-&-sorcery stories set in fantasy worlds"
    > subjects and characters of interest included Robert E. Howard's Conan,
      Leiber's Fafhrd & the Grey Mouser, Pratt and de Camp's Harold Shea,
      Moorcock's Elric, and Burrough's John Carter
    > name of fanzine derived from the character Conan the Cimmarian, who
      called himself by that name while he was a pirate
  - Scithers started the fanzine (when?)
    > (reasons for wanting to do heroic fantasy fanzine?)
  - fanzine ran for (how many?) issues, until (when?)
    > was lithographed instead of mimeographed (all issues? or just the later
      ones?)
  - contents were varied, and always interesting
    > featured much artwork by such renowned artists as Roy Krenkel, Gray
      Morrow, and Jim Cawthorn
    > one of the best issues was the November 1963; contents included a sonnet
      by L. Sprague de Camp about Conan, an article on broadswords by Lawrence
      Kafka, and the extraordinary "Six Scenes in Search of an Illustration",
      where six professional and amateur authors (de Camp, Eney, Leiber,
      Katherine MacLean, Moorcock, and John Pocsik) wrote story vignettes
      around a centerpiece foldout illustration by Krenkel
    > occasionally, there was heroic fiction; the March 1965 issue featured a
      14 page story, complete with illustrations by Ray Garcia-Capella
      -- (Scithers's ideas on publishing fiction)
    > other issues featured such things as reprints of correspondence between
      Robert E. Howard and August Derlith or Clark Ashton Smith; book reviews
      by Harry Harrison, Robert Coulson, Sprague de Camp, and Fritz Leiber;
      articles on everything from medieval weaponry and combat to building
      science fictional worlds by such notables as de Camp, Poul Anderson,
      Frank Herbert, Jerry Pournelle, and Leigh Brackett; poetry by Roger
      Zelazny and Lin Carter
    > major contributor was de Camp, who contributed everything from an
      appreciation of his collaborator, the late Fletcher Pratt to book
      reviews
  - Scithers maintained publication, even though he was stationed in Germany
    for the military during the mid 1960s
    > (quote here, maybe, on keeping fanzine alive)
  - AMRA won Hugo Award in 1968
    > (reviewers quote from somewhere)

* AXE
  - edited by Larry & Noreen Shaw
    > (brief bios go here)
  - published monthly, starting in April 1961
    > was announced as a bi-weekly booster for the Willis Fund
  - started out as a monthly newszine
  - changed over (in 1963) to a general interest fanzine
  - Hugo nominee (?)
  - suffered some interruptions in schedule, due to moves
  - died in August 1963, the victim of a number of moves by the Shaws
    > their move back to New York from the midwest was its death knell

* FANAC
  - edited in first part of 1960s by Terry Carr and Ron Ellik, who were both
    residing in Berkeley, California at the time
    > was started in 1958
    > first issue of 1960 was no. 50
  - a biweekly newszine, usually 4 pages
    > 53rd issue, in February 1960, was an exception -- this second
      anniversary issue, dubbed FANNISH II, was over 40 pages, including a 
      30-page section summarizing the 1959 Fanac Poll and a two-page index to
      FANAC's first two years
      -- cover of the issue was a photo of a local fan, Trina Castillo,
         dressed in only a propeller beanie and a copy of FANCYCLOPEDIA II
    > also had other features besides news, most notably Walt Willis's semi-
      regular column "P*L*I*N*T*H", about happenings in Irish Fandom
  - won a Hugo award at the 1959 Worldcon
  - September 1960 saw the first changes in the zine, when Ron Ellik quit as
    co-editor after issue no. 65
    > Ellik moved back to Los Angeles, and was replaced as FANAC co-editor by 
      Miriam Carr
  - by early 1961, the Carrs evidently decided they were tired of doing a
    frequent newszine as well, and it looked for a while like the zine might
    be dead after issue no. 71 (don't have issue no. 72 -- when was that and
    who edited it?)
  - after a short hiatus, Walter Breen, who had arrived in the area from New
    York City, revived it, but it was never really the same after that
    > almost immediately, Breen started to split his time between New York and
      California, with the effect of lengthening the gap of time between each
      succeeding issue
      -- where Ellik and Carr almost religiously stuck to a biweekly schedule,
         by issue #77, a month had passed since the preceding issue, and with
         issue #78 there had been an even larger gap of time, over two months

* STARSPINKLE
  - Ron Ellik's "biweekly news and chitter-chatter fanzine"
    > the derivation of the title seems a mystery
    > issues were published by Bruce Pelz, who later became unofficial co-
      editor
  - first issue appeared in December 1962
    > "STARSPINKLE is not a cautious fanzine and if somebody wants to accuse
      me of imitating FANAC I'm not leaving any cautious-type loopholes in my
      editorial policy so I can wriggle out of it; I'm spending the energy on
      laughter.  This is a zippity-pow newszine I think you want to read."
  - normally a two-page, one-sheet fanzine
    > each issue was series of short news stories about fans and fandom
    > did two special one-page issues from the 1963 Westercon
      -- became one of the first instances of a convention daily newszine
    > did two special one-page "Harlan Ellison Issues" late in its run, in
      1964, that promoted two Ellison-scripted episodes of THE OUTER LIMITS
  - was nominated for a Hugo Award in 1964, but didn't win
  - lasted for fifty issues, the last being early November 1964
    > end caused by Ellik moving from Los Angeles to Washington, D.C. area

* RATATOSK
  - edited by Bruce Pelz
    > Pelz originally from New Jersey, and became active in fandom in the late
      1950s while at college in Florida
      -- had discovered fandom via Bob Bloch's "Fandora's Box" fanzine review
         column in IMAGINATIVE TALES
      -- had gotten involved in fandom through a University of Florida cave
         exploration group, the Florida Speleological Society
         >> in 1957, members of the organization discovered a mutual interest
            in science fiction, which led to formation of a science fiction
            fan club there, SCIFI
      -- in 1959, Pelz had graduated from college, and attended his first
         Worldcon, the Detention
         >> there he met many of the movers and shakers of LASFS, who had come
            to Detention in the Bjo-organized caravan
            --- Bruce had previously learned of LASFS from their fanzine
                SHAGGY, and had previously `met' some L.A. fans by mail
         >> when caravan returned to Los Angeles after the convention, Pelz
            joined it, eventually moving to Los Angeles
            --- at the Detention, according to Ted Johnstone, "Pelz looked
                over the L.A. crew, and decided they were his people."
    > Pelz proved to be a fan of multi-interests
      -- active in LASFS
         >> after three unsuccessful attempts at elected LASFS positions, held
            office as LASFS Director and Treasurer during the 1960s
            --- held office of Treasurer during the period at end of 1960s
                when LASFS clubhouse fund had grown large enough to acquire
                their first clubhouse
      -- helped Bjo with her Project Art Show in the early 1960s
         >> although he had nothing to do with starting it, he provided at-con
            assistance at the 1960 Pittcon, the 1961 Seacon, and the 1963
            Discon
         >> administered the Show at the 1964 Pacificon II, when Bjo couldn't
            attend because of pregnancy
      -- convention running
         >> at end of decade, became active in worldcon bid that would
            eventually result in his co-chairmanship of the 1972 Worldcon
         >> was also co-chair of the 1969 Westercon
      -- was in many apas during the 1960s: SAPS, N'APA, The Cult, OMPA, and
         FAPA
         >> became official editor of SAPS, N'APA, and FAPA during the 1960s
            --- was simultaneously OE of SAPS and FAPA for several years
      -- fanzine publishing and collecting
         >> began acquired a large number of fanzines (The Fanzine Foundation)
            from Alan Lewis in 1965, the basis of what was to become the
            world's largest collection of fanzines in the 1970s, 1980s, and
            1990s
            --- purchased the collection in installment payments, which were
                completed in time for the collection to be acquired after the
                1966 Worldcon
            --- more than one ton of fanzines in acquisition, including
                partial or complete collections of past and current fans Alan
                Lewis, Howard DeVore, Phyllis Economou, Larry Shaw, Martin
                Alger, and R. D. Swisher
  - fanzine was begun in November 1964
    > biweekly publication
    > Bruce said that the zine's name was taken from the name of the squirrel
      from Norse mythology that ran up and down Yggdrasil, the Tree of Life,
      carrying rumors from the eagle at the top and the dragon at the bottom,
      and passing them on to other various creatures that resided on the tree
      -- the zine superseded STARSPINKLE, which had been edited by Ron Ellik,
         who had the fan nickname of "The Squirrel"
      -- Bruce thought RATATOSK was therefore an appropriate name, in several
         ways
  - billed as a "news and gossip-mongering zine"
    > was very fannish in its presentations of news
      -- boosted fan funds and worldcons
    > in some ways, follow-on to the recently deceased STARSPINKLE
      -- always a single-sheet (2-sided) fanzine
      -- kept same subscription rate (3 issues for a quarter)
      -- copied the general format
  - compact format still permitted bits of fan art
    > artists represented included ATom, Rotsler, Jim Cawthorne, Eddie Jones,
      Roy Krenkel, and Bruce's then-wife Dian Pelz
      -- Dian's humorous illos often related to one of the news stories in 
         the issue
  - ended publication after issue no. 47, in May 1967
    > near end of 1966 started appearing less regularly
    > no issue published between early November 1966 and mid January 1967
      (issues 41 and 42)
    > no issue published between late January and mid April 1967
    > when Ratatosk 47 appeared in late May, no indication this would be the
      last issue, but it was
    > much later, Bruce said, "When I faltered for the second time, it died."
      -- Bruce published a fanzine compilation of all the issues in 1992

* FOCAL POINT
  - (details needed)

* RALLY!
  - Southern fandom newszine
  - edited initially by Lon Atkins and Al Andrews
  - begun in April 1966
  - lasted until the late 1970s
    > while under different editorship, folded soon after being embroiled in a
      controversy centering around Harlan Ellison

* DEGLER!
  - New York weekly newszine edited by Andy Porter
  - changed title to S.F. WEEKLY
  - published between 1966 and 1968
    > last issue appeared April 1968, just a few weeks before LOCUS debuted

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