Chapter Five: publications and legendry
Notable fanzines of the 1960s


  - Britain's third apa
  - 10 mailings in all, 1964 to 1967
  - became an "official BSFA service" in 1965

* Kobald
  - small British apa of early 1960s

* ANZAPA (Australia-New Zealand Amateur Press Association)
  - founded in 1968

* Scandinavian Amateur Press Alliance (SAPA)
  - Sweden's first apa
  - founded in June 1964, sponsored by SF Union Scandinavia, which was at that
    point mostly just Sture Sedolin and John-Henri Holmberg
    > first OE was "Carl Brandon, Jr." (a.k.a. John-Henri Holmberg)
      -- later, Leif Andersson assumed OEship after Holmberg resigned
    > apa started out slowly; the first mailing a bit anemic, totalling only 
      26 pages
    > however, second mailing over 80 pages, and the next couple of mailings
      were also as large
  - initially, consisted of 14 members from Scandinavia, plus an application
    from Andy Main "who wrote a pleading letter in wonderfully bad Swedish" 
    according to Holmberg
  - did not last very many mailings; by the end of the decade it was gone
    > in retrospect, Holmberg thought the apa was a bad idea: "A fandom with
      less than twenty active fan publishers needed an apa like it needed
      another Claude Degler."
    > it would be another decade before a large enough fan population existed 
      for another Swedish apa

* FAN (German-language apa)
  - (details needed; some of contributors listed in LOCUS 15)

Other Publications

* Hoffman Electronics Corp.
  - featured short-short sf stories as part of magazine advertisements
  - received special Hugo award in 1962

* Hugo Gernsback's personal magazine, FORECASTS
  - 32 pages, digest-sized
  - published at end of each year
  - contained his predictions for the coming year
  - illustrated by Frank R. Paul, Finlay, and other noted artists

  - edited by Lloyd Douglas Broyles of Waco, Texas
  - saw publication in 1962, for the year 1961
  - was produced as a half-legal-size booklet, saddle stapled, printed by
  - contents based on questionnaires circulated through fandom in 1961
    > was a gold mine of information about many fans active at that time
      -- besides the essentials such as mailing address, also included the
         fan's affiliation with specific fan organizations, fanzine titles
         published, specific conventions attended, and even the years that the
         fan began reading science fiction and entered fandom
      -- it even went so far as to include some information that many fans
         weren't exactly bursting with curiosity to know, such as the
         recording speeds of any tape recorders the fan happened to own
    > however, due to the questionnaire format for obtaining information, the
      resulting publication was uneven, in terms of content
      -- as an example, Sam Moskowitz, one of the most prominent fans, got
         only a four-line entry in the booklet, while the otherwise obscure
         fan Ron Haydock got an entry four times as long as that
      -- entries were missing entirely for some other prominent fans,
         including Bob Shaw, George Charters, Dave Rike, Boob Stewart, Elinor
         Busby, and Vincent Clarke
      -- Broyles was undoubtedly aware of these shortcomings; in his
         introduction to the booklet, he wrote, "I can do better, and promise
         next year to be more careful in my correlation of answers.  This has
         been a labor of love and comes to you hoping to find you still in
         fandom forever."
    > ironically, Broyles himself was in the midst of dropping out of fandom
      by the time the second edition was being planned, and he never finished
  - after Broyles abandoned the project, a subsequent edition never appeared,
    even though there were rumors of it from time to time

  - book by Sam Moskowitz
    > historical volume of articles on the predecessors of modern SF
      -- mostly reprints of articles previously published in prozines
  - published in hardcover by World Publishing in 1963; paperback edition, by
    Meridian Books, appeared in 1966

* Advent|Publishers
  - in (what year?), seven Chicago-area fans formed a small press publishing
    house that specialized in books about the science fiction field and fandom
    > they were Sid Coleman, Ed Wood (the fan, not the movie director), Jon
      Stopa, Alex Eisenstein, Bob Briney, George Price, and Earl Kemp
  - Earl Kemp was perhaps the most prominent of the seven
    > (mini bio of Kemp here)
    > chairman of 1962 Worldcon
    > fanzine Hugo Award in 1961 for one shot publication "Who Killed Science
      Fiction", which appeared in the apa SAPS
      -- eligibility rules for fanzine changed to prevent recurrence
  - Two volumes of worldcon proceedings
      -- published in 1963
      -- transcript of 1962 Worldcon
      -- edited by Earl Kemp
      -- published in 1965
      -- transcript of 1963 Worldcon
      -- edited by Dick Eney
    > was going to be a book of proceeding of 1964 worldcon
      -- plans got dropped because concom claimed it didn't have enough money
         remaining after the convention to have tapes transcribed
    > Robert Bloch's book of fan-related essays
    > first published in 1962
      -- a small number of numbered and signed copies sold at the 1962
    > published in 1969
    > Harry Warner, Jr.'s first fan history book
      -- covered the 1940s, mostly
      -- Harry started the project in 1963, when he included 6 pages of
         questions about various fandoms in the Feb. issue of his fanzine
         >> originally meant to cover period 1939-1959; broken up into 2
            --- John Trimble campaigned for the book to be titled THE IMMORTAL
                CALM, but he was overruled
            --- 2nd half of his opus, A WEALTH OF FABLE, eventually published
                as a three volume fanzine in the mid 1970s, and much later, as
                a hardcover (by a different publisher), in 1992
    > published in 1964
    > Alva Rogers' history of ASTOUNDING SCIENCE FICTION, from its birth until
      its metamorphosis into ANALOG in 1960
    > (any fan comments from the 1960s?)
    > published in 1967
    > Damon Knight's book about science fiction as a form of literature
    > (details? fan comments from the 1960s?)
    > Alexei Panshin's detailed dissection of the fiction of Robert A.
      -- (mini bio of Alexei goes here)
    > published in 1968
    > Advent hyped the book as a "critical analysis of Heinlein's novels and
      stories, his style and technique, his strengths and his weaknesses, and
      his place in modern science fiction.  It is a study in depth which is
      neither adulatory nor carping."
    > Heinlein hated it (quote available?)
      -- Heinlein's animosity seemed to be directed against Panshin personally
         as much as Panshin's book
         >> earlier, Panshin had written an article for SHANGRI-L'AFFAIRES
            that had triggered Heinlein's anger
            --- it concerned sexuality in RAH's fiction, and concluded that
                Heinlein avoided dealing with adult sexuality
            --- Redd Boggs, who was editing SHANGRI-L'AFFAIRES at the time,
                ran the article under the title "By His Jockstrap", mocking
                Heinlein's famous story "By His Bootstraps"
            --- ironically, much later, adult sexuality would in fact become a
                prominent theme in the last few RAH novels
         >> while researching the manuscript, Panshin had also gotten loan of
            letters written by Heinlein to a recently deceased conservative
            fan, Arthur George "Sarge" Smith, to whom RAH had dedicated his
            novel STARSHIP TROOPERS
            --- even though Panshin found nothing useful in the letters, when
                Heinlein learned of this, he was enraged at what he took to be
                an invasion of his privacy
      -- according to one source, Heinlein threatened Advent with a lawsuit if
         the book were published
         >> this caused Advent to temporarily postpone publication
         >> however, several chapters of the book were subsequently published
            by Leland Sapiro in his fanzine RIVERSIDE QUARTERLY, and when no
            lawsuit materialized, Advent went ahead with publication of the
            entire manuscript
    > a few years after the book had been published, Panshin encountered
      Heinlein at a speaking and book signing event in New York City
      -- Panshin was convinced that Heinlein had simply been misinformed about
         the book's contents, which was not at all anti-Heinlein, and wanted
         to make known that he was in fact a great admirer of RAH
      -- however, when he approached Heinlein, in an attempt to bury the
         hatchet between the two of them, he was frostily rebuffed
         >> the exchanged was witnessed by three New York fans, Gary Farber,
            Ben Yalow, and Moshe Feder
            --- as Farber later remembered, "Panshin walked up and stuck out
                his hand, beginning an apology to Heinlein.  Heinlein wouldn't
                let him complete his first sentence, interupting him with the
                coldest `Good day, sir.' and refusing to take his hand. 
                Panshin tried several times, but just got his words
                interrupted with `Good day sir.'.  After several attempts, and
                Heinlein's utter refusal to even listen to a single sentence
                of apology, Alexei gave up."
    > (fan reactions to the book?)
    > the last word in this matter belonged to Heinlein; in his novel THE
      NUMBER OF THE BEAST, mention is made in the last chapter to an
      "unforgiven critic", undoubtedly a reference to Alexei Panshin

  - early 1961, edited by Ella Parker
  - 108 pages of ATom art, mimeographed
    > Arthur Thomson hand-cut all the stencils
  - won SKYRACK fan poll award as best British fanzine for 1961

* reprint of Evans-Pavlat FANZINE INDEX
  - published by Harold Piser
  - published in March of 1966
  - 141 pages
    > no corrections or additions from original version Pavlat published
      between 1952 and 1959
  - Piser's intent was to use this work as a preliminary step in publishing a
    comprehensive bibliography of fanzines through the end of 1965

  - an index of SF books that have been published under two or more titles
  - done by Donald Franson in 1966
    > printed by offset

Fiction involving fandom

* K. M. O'Donnell (a.k.a. Barry Malzberg)

* LESBO LODGE, a sex novel by "Harry Barstead", had Los Angeles area fans
  thinly disguised as characters
  - among recognizable fans were Bjo Trimble, Bill Rotsler, and Jerry Stier
  - Jardine was a Los Angeles fan
  - book based in part on two 1950s Halloween parties memorable in L.A. Fandom

* SEX BURNS LIKE FIRE, by fans Jim Harmon and Redd Boggs, was published under
  Harmon's name only in 1964 by Nite Time Books
  - another sex novel
  - once again, featured thinly disguised fans: `Sheriff Joe Gibson', `Redd
    Boggio', and a comic painting called `The Squirrel Cage' by "that famous
    artist Bea Chou"
  - this was an early example of a literary technique called `Tuckerizing'
    > real fans written into fiction under their real names, or a close

* Bob Tucker
  - announced at the 1965 Midwestcon he had written a novel about fandom and
    fans, with the locale being a 4-day worldcon
    > working title was "The Emperor of America"
  - was rejected by Doubleday, however
  - was subsequently rejected by Terry Carr at Ace Books
    > a plot device in the book was a SF magazine that had a circulation of
      over a million
    > Carr's rejection letter stated that "it was impossible to conceive of
      a SF magazine with a circulation of over one million"
      -- took only a little over one decade to prove Carr wrong, when OMNI
         magazine debuted in 1978
  - manuscript remained unpublished for decades afterward

Fannish inventions, games, and legends

* SMOF (acronym for "Secret Master of Fandom")
  - coined as a conversation term in 1963 possibly by Jack Chalker
  - Tucker article in 1950s QUANDRY was basis
    > may have derived from Gerald Kersh's early 1950s book THE SECRET MASTERS
  - term was used in a skit at the 1963 Worldcon that featured Hal Clement
    > a "SMOF Award" was presented to Ted Sturgeon (Forry Ackerman received
      the award on behalf of the absent Sturgeon)
      -- Sturgeon became "whether he likes it or not, an Honorary Member of

* "New Wave"
  - first used in sf context in early 1964
  - introduced by Jim Linwood in describing the first fanzines of Peter
    Weston and Charles Platt

* some fans gained a measure of renown in the outside world from their
  involvement in games and sports
  - an example of this was Russ Chauvenet, who had been active in fandom since
    the 1940s; he became chess champion of the state of Maryland in 1963 and
  - (any other examples?)
  - unlike the 1950s, however, the 1960s did not produce many fan-invented

* one fan-invented game that saw some continued interest was Knurdling
  - a hallway game invented by Manchester fandom in the mid 1960s
  - object of game is to place an empty soda or beer can as far from your feet
    as possible, without touching the floor with anything except your feet
  - a somewhat physical exercise; being tall and having upper body strength
    the keys to success
  - game was played at British Eastercons in the 1960s, and at the 1965

Part 3 - - - - - - On to Chapter Six